Opium wars and treaties of nanjing

Inthe colony was extended with the Kowloon peninsula [8] and inthe Second Convention of Peking further expanded the colony with the year lease of the New Territories.

Write a report detailing your negotiations. The British fleet proceeded up the Pearl River estuary to Canton, and, after months of negotiations there, attacked and occupied the city in May For example, trace the long-term impact of the missionaries, charting the number of Christian converts from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, byand on into the s.

Addicts were rounded up, forcibly treated, and taken off the habit, and domestic drug dealers were harshly punished. On the contrary, in the words of historian Immanuel C. Almost directly after the Treaty was signed, a yellow flag for China at the main and a Union Jack for England at the mizen were hoisted, and at the same time a royal salute of twenty-one guns was fired.

Internet URLs are the best. Cushing and his counterparts reached the terms of the treaty quickly and signed it at Wangxia, a suburb of the Portuguese port city of Macau, in Prior to the s, there was but one port open to Western merchants, Guangzhou Canton and but one commodity that the Chinese would accept in trade, silver.

The opium trade was later legalised in the Treaties of Tianjinwhich China concluded after the Second Opium War resulted in another defeat for the Qing dynasty. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Was the effect of foreign presence and power in China the same everywhere?

Treaty of Nanjing

Three treaty provisions in particular constituted the core of this inequitable system: The drug weakened a large percentage of the population some estimate that 10 percent of the population regularly used opium by the late nineteenth centuryand silver began to flow out of the country to pay for the opium.

The second Opium War In the mids, while the Qing government was embroiled in trying to quell the Taiping Rebellion —64the British, seeking to extend their trading rights in China, found an excuse to renew hostilities.

Opium Wars

The British demanded the right of Chinese citizens to emigrate on British ships. For years, the Chinese had conducted their foreign policy through the tribute system, in which foreign powers wishing to trade with China were required first to bring a tribute to the emperor, acknowledging the superiority of Chinese culture and the ultimate authority of the Chinese ruler.

This being finished they all came out of the after-cabin and sat down to tiffinand the different officers seated themselves all round the table, making plenty of guests. To prevent a trade imbalance, the British tried to sell more of their own products to China, but there was not much demand for heavy woolen fabrics in a country accustomed to either cotton padding or silk.

The Signing of the Treaty of Nanjing in The Opium War and these treaties were emblematic of an era in which Western powers tried to gain unfettered access to Chinese products and markets for European and U.

Unequal treaty

The Chinese readily agreed in an effort to keep all foreigners on the same footing. Britain also gained the right to send consuls to the treaty ports, which were given the right to communicate directly with local Chinese officials Article II.China lost the Opium Wars, and this was the first of many "unequal" treaties.

Terms of the Treaty of Nanjing China had to open all ports to Britain, give Hong Kong (the best port) to Britain, pay for the destroyed Opium, and give Britain the Right of Extraterritoriality. China lost the Opium Wars, and this was the first of many "unequal" treaties.

Terms of the Treaty of Nanjing China had to open all ports to Britain, give Hong Kong (the best port) to Britain, pay for the destroyed Opium, and give Britain the Right of Extraterritoriality.

The agreements reached between the Western powers and China following the Opium Wars came to be known as the “unequal treaties” because in practice they gave foreigners privileged status and extracted concessions from the Chinese.

The Treaty of Nanking (Nanjing) was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August It was the first of what the Chinese later called the unequal cheri197.com: Bilateral / Unequal.

Following China’s defeat by the British in the Opium War ofthe following conditions were imposed on the Chinese government by the British in a treaty signed in the city of Nanjing (Nanking).

Treaty of Nanjing, (August 29, ) treaty that ended the first Opium War, the first of the unequal treaties between China and foreign imperialist powers.

Treaty of Nanking

China paid the British an indemnity, ceded the territory of Hong Kong, and agreed to establish a “fair and reasonable” tariff.

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Opium wars and treaties of nanjing
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